Movement Protocol Facts:
In order to move animals into Manitoba the following
regulations must be followed.
Manitoba is one of the few Areas that have such strict
Once you find elk you may want to purchase, you must send a
letter to John Taylor, Director of Animal Industry Branch.
He will do some checking to see if the farm might qualify.
He will then send a letter back to the farmer stating
whether you can or cannot proceed with attempting to qualify
the elk for movement to Manitoba.
Exporting farmer must have an up to date inventory of all
animals for at least the last three years. This must include
a report of all deaths on the farm and postmortem results
(must include testing for CWD).
The licenced veterinarian and the Province vet must both
sign on that the health status of the herd is good and that
they have familiar with herd and the farm for at least the
last 5 years (60 months) and that there has not been any
sickness or unexplained deaths.
Checks will be done to insure that the farm does not have
any connection to any CWD infected herd or animal or to any
trace out farm.
If the farm inventory shows that it has received animals
from another farm with the last 3 years, we must go to that
farm and do all the above, and so on and so on.
This makes it possible to only import animals from a closed
or very restricted herd, where the farmer has been keeping
perfect records for the last 3 years, and that he/she can
prove to their local vet, their Provincial vet, the Manitoba
Provincial Vet and John Taylor that the animals are
completely healthy and free from disease, including but not
restricted to CWD, Tb, Johne's, brucellosis and external or
If any farm has had any animals die and has not done the
postmortem (including CWD), they would not be allowed to
move animals into the province.
All animals moving into the province must be DNA genotyped
and matched to both parents, and Purity tested to be sure no
red deer genes are present.
Only a very small number of farms or herds would qualify to
move elk into Manitoba.
Tuberculosis and Elk Farming in Manitoba
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TB is believed to have been introduced to Manitoba by
domestic livestock, long ago.
TB was never diagnosed in wildlife before it was recognized
in domestic livestock.
TB has never been diagnosed or suspected in farmed elk or
deer in Manitoba.
TB has not been diagnosed in any farmed cervid (deer or elk)
in Canada for over two years.
The few incidents of TB in farmed elk or deer in Canada
historically have all been traced back to imported or zoo
source animals, never to a wild source.
The mode of transmission of TB in the RMNP periphery is
believed to be through saliva exchanged on hay bales between
cattle and wild elk and deer.
Farmed elk are kept behind fences that are elk and deer
The new requirements for testing cattle and bison in GHAs 23
and 23 A around the Park are not at all new to elk farmers.
All farmed cervids in Canada have been tested for TB at
least once every three years, and often once every year,
since before 1990.
All elk that die on farms in Manitoba must be submitted for
postmortem examination to determine cause of death.
All farmed elk that are slaughtered for meat in Manitoba
abattoirs are inspected for any evidence of disease,
including TB, in the same way that all cattle are inspected.
In addition to the same inspection as is applied to cattle,
the heads of these elk have been inspected for any sign of
Chronic Wasting Disease for the past five years. NO evidence
of CWD has been found, on farms or in the wild.